Exotic and intriguing Bakhchisaray is the former capital city of the Crimean Khanate, situated in central Crimea. Every monument and structure in the city reminds the beholder of the Crimean Khanate’s influence on the city. The Crimean palace is one the major land marks of the city that breathes the impression the Khanate has created on the city. The medieval ages of the Crimean Tartars and their lives and traditions are depicted in all architectural specimens of Exotic and intriguing Bakhchisaray. The city is home to the “fountain of tears” immortalized by Alexander Pushkin in his poem, ‘the fountain of Bakhchisaray’.
The erstwhile capital city of the Crimean Khanate, the town, Bakhchisaray, is located in central Crimea. Hansaray, the only existing palace of the Crimean Khans is an important tourist destination for the ones visiting Bakhchisaray. The town is located in the Curuk Suv River’s narrow valley. The ancient settlements that were extant before Bakhchisaray have been incorporated into the urban landscape of the modern Bakhchisaray. These settlements have become integrated into the urban area of the city and are an intermingling of the ancient and modern.
Bakhchisaray became the capital of the Crimean Khanate around the 1530’s. It was the centre of cultural and political life of the Crimean Tatars. The Russian Empire ended the Crimean Khanate’s rule during the year 1783. Bakhchisaray became an ordinary town, devoid of administrative significance, but existed as a cultural center of the Crimean Tartars till 1944.
The name Bakhchisaray is a Persian name that stands for ‘the Garden Palace’. The town is acclaimed for its relation with renowned poet, Alexander Pushkin’s poem ‘The Fountain of Bakhchisaray’. This romantic association with literature has made the city popular among the people of the world. Poet, Adam Mickiewicz has devoted many fine poems of his in the Crimean Sonnets to various significant landmarks of the city. Nikolai Stepanovich, a Soviet astronomer has hailed a minor planet with the city’s name – 3242 Bakhchisaray.
Bakhchisaray palace with its walled premises that comprise of a mosque, harem and living quarters is an embodiment of exemplary architecture. Built in the sixteenth century has been home for the Tatars of many generations. Beautiful gardens, imposing courtyards and flowing fountains depict the stamp architectural brilliance. The medrese, bath-houses, towers of minarets, inscriptions and the ‘fountain of tears’, glorified by the world renowned poet, Alexander Pushkin. The Palace is an imposing monument that speaks volumes on Crimean history, life and traditions of the Crimean Tartars and the opulent culture of Bakhchisaray.
The imposing Crimean Canyon is another natural splendor housed in the region. The canyon leads the beholder into the unfathomable depths of the nature’s beauty. The cave town Chufut-Kule is another prominent tourist attraction. Situated on the lime rocks, on Crimean mounts are intriguing with its mysterious history. The Crimean middle ages are staged in front of the beholder in the cave town.
Plots of ancient streets, houses of worship of various faiths, mausoleum and caves make Bakhchisaray an exotic place to visit. Bakhchisaray is also home to numerous springs and garden in the Crimean Tartar’s dwelling place in the Crimean intermounts presents picturesque Bakhchisaray, at its best. The place gives and insight into the life and traditions that were cherished by the Crimean Tartara. Mangup- Kale, a cave town is another landmark that represents Bakhchisaray’s rich history. Bakhchisaray’s beauty and intrigue makes it a great tourist attraction.